Offerors and transporters of certain quantities and types of hazardous materials
(hazmat), including hazardous wastes, are required to file an annual registration
statement with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and to pay
a fee (see 49 CFR §§ 107.601 - 107.620). The fee provides funds for grants
distributed to States, Indian tribes, and nonprofit organizations for hazardous
materials emergency response planning and training and to certain professional
organizations for training purposes. This program began in 1992 and is
administered by DOT's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
You must register if you are a person who offers for transportation or transports in commerce a shipment containing any of the following categories of hazardous materials (including hazardous wastes):
A. A highway route-controlled quantity of a Class 7 (radioactive) material, as defined in 49 CFR 173.403. A “highway route-controlled quantity” may be shipped by highway, rail, air, or water.
B. More than 25 kilograms (55 pounds) of a Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 (explosive) material (see 49 CFR 173.50) in a motor vehicle, rail car, or freight container.
C. More than one liter (1.06 quarts) per package of a material extremely toxic by inhalation (that is, a “material poisonous by inhalation” that meets the criteria for “hazard zone A” as specified in 49 CFR 173.116(a) for gases or 173.133(a) for liquids).
D. A hazardous material (including hazardous wastes) in a bulk packaging having a capacity equal to or greater than 13,248 liters (3,500 gallons) for liquids or gases or more than 13.24 cubic meters (468 cubic feet) for solids. Please note that a person who offers or transports a hazardous material in a bulk packaging with a capacity greater than 3,500 gallons or 468 cubic feet must register, even if placards are not required (for example, a Class 9 material).
E. A shipment in other than a bulk packaging of 2,268 kilograms (5,000 pounds) gross weight or more of one class of hazardous materials (including hazardous wastes) for which placarding of a vehicle, rail car, or freight container is required for that class.
F. A quantity of hazardous material that requires placarding. The placarding requirements are set forth in 49 CFR 172 Subpart F and summarized on our website. Note that the transportation of any quantity of a hazardous material, other than Division 6.2 and Class 9 materials, in a bulk packaging requires placarding and therefore registration. This includes residues that remain in an un-purged tank truck or rail tank car. Persons who return such packagings are required to register as offerors of a placarded shipment of hazardous materials.
Since January 1, 2005, intrastate, interstate, and foreign motor carriers transporting certain types and amounts of hazardous materials (HM)
are required to hold a Federal Hazardous Materials Safety Permit (HMSP) issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).
As stated in 49 CFR §385.403, the following HM transported in these quantities require the motor carrier to have a HMSP:
Radioactive Materials – A highway route-controlled quantity (HRCQ) of Class 7 materials, as defined in 49 CFR §173.403.
Explosives – More than 25kg (55 pounds) net weight of a Division 1.1, 1.2 or 1.3 material, or an amount of a Division 1.5 material requiring a placard. (See: 49 CFR Part 172 Subpart F).
Toxic by Inhalation Materials in Hazard Zone A materials in a packaging with a capacity greater than 1 liter (0.26 gallons).
Toxic by Inhalation Materials in Hazard Zone B materials in a bulk packaging having a capacity greater than 450 L [119 gallons], for liquids and a water capacity greater than 454 kg, [1,000 pounds] for gas receptacles. (49 CFR §171.8 defines bulk packaging for liquids, solids and gases.)
Toxic by Inhalation Materials in Hazard Zone C or D materials in a bulk packaging having (3,500) gallons.
Methane – A shipment of compressed or refrigerated liquid methane or natural gas or ther liquefied gas with a methane content of at least 85% in a bulk packaging having a capacity equal to or greater than 13,248 L (3,500 gallons).